"The Teatro Real as we know it the product of a variety of remodelling plans and architectural interventions that have taken place of the last century and a half. Since the theatre was opened in 1850 it has suffered fires, explosions and flooding, which have left a permanent mark on the way the building looks and how it runs. The building was last renovated in 1997, and now has over 65,000m2 of floor space, and the capacity for 1,750 people."
The Teatro Real was founded in 1818, after King Fernando VII ordered the reconstruction of Plaza de Oriente in order to provide Madrid with an opera house to rival those already seen in other European countries. The project was first given to the architect Antonio López Aguado, and after his death responsibility for the building was handed to Custodio Teodoro Moreno and Francisco Cabezuelo. Finally, on 19 November 1850, the theatre opened its doors with the opera La favorita by Geatano Donizetti.

Some of the most influential artists and decorators of the era worked on the interior design of the building, including Rafael Tejeo, Eugenio Lucas, who painted the ceilings, and Humanité-René Philastre, who designed the front curtain. Apart from the main hall, which has the capacity for 2,800 spectators, there were two ballrooms, three lounges, a sweet shop, a café, a dressing room and a cloakroom.

The last renovation of the building was carried out between 1991 and 1997 under the direction of Francisco Rodríguez Partearroyo and José Manuel González Valcárcel, who made several additions to the building, including a conference room, exhibition hall, group dressing rooms for up to 324 people, 11 individual dressing rooms, 1,472m2 of rehearsal space and 3,485m2 of workshops and warehouses. The total floor space is currently 65,000m2, providing room for up to 1,750 people.
Patrimonio del Estado
The Teatro Real (Royal Theatre) Foundation
José Manuel González-Valcárcel (1st phase)
Francisco Rodríguez de Partearroyo (2nd phase)
Stage machinery
U.T.E. Waagner-Birò Thyssen Boetticher
Acoustic Studio
Müller BBM
Studios for engineering and facilities consultants.
Ministry of Culture
(National Institute of Performing Arts and Music)
Floor area
65,000 m2.
Seating for 1,746 people, depending on the size of the orchestra.
Staging area
Apron: 18 X 14 m.
Stage: 1,430 m2.
Flies: 37 m. (h.)
Pit: 24 m.
There are 18 moving platforms
(Four of them incline, and four of them move horizontally)
Two platforms, for trucks and for decorations
Private rooms
Rehearsal rooms: 1,472 m2.
Studies: 382 m2.
11 individual dressing rooms
Group dressing rooms for up to 324 people
Workshops and warehouses: 3,485 m2.
Public rooms
Conference room
Exhibition hall
Palacio Café
Other activities
Guided tours
Room hire
Catering service
Address and  telephones
Plaza de Oriente, s/n; 28013 Madrid
902 24 48 48 (information)
91 516 06 06 (box office)
Given the characteristics of the building, the Teatro Real (Royal Theatre) has a certain number of seats that have reduced visibility, or which are less comfortable than others.
All the operas have subtitles. Due to reasons related to the production, there is reduced visibility, or no visibility of the subtitles from certain seats. Similarly, during some ballet productions there is limited visibility of the production from the first row of seats.
When this is the case, details are shown on the seating plan, as well as on the tickets. Once the tickets have been bought, the theatre considers that the audience member has received adequate information on the quality of the view from the seats.
Disabled access is available, and there are six seats reserved specially for audience members in wheelchairs. These audience members can access the theatre through the doors on the following streets: calle Felipe V and calle Carlos III.
Located on the ninth floor of the theatre, the Gayarre room has a small stage to show smaller performances, such as minor operas, chamber concerts, recitals and performances for children. It has 190 seats with visibility throughout the room, without an orchestra pit, and allows the public to get closer to the performers, which means that shows are more intimate and less extravagant.
This room can be accessed via the entrance on calle Felipe V.
Sala Gayarre Navegar